Calf muscle pain which is causing due to the medial compartment of the gastrocnemius muscle. Calf muscle consists of two muscles 1-gastrocnemius and 2. soleus. These two muscles form a single tendon called Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon is getting attached to the heel. This muscle helps in plantar flexion of the foot.
Person with calf muscle pain, complain of pain which is dull or sharp pain in and around the calf muscle. Tightness of the calf muscle is also present. Thereby causing swelling colour of the skin will be pale in colour.
calf muscle pain occurs as a result of weakness of the legs where there is no strength in the muscles of muscle appears to be red, little warm and tenderness over the muscle.
Calf muscle treatment
When the pain occurs in the calf muscle it is necessary to stop doing any work give rest to that part.
To get relieved of the pain you can gently stretch the calf muscle once you along get the muscle it gets relaxed. Tension gets released it comes to normal position.
Gradually the stretch has to be hold for 20 seconds to 30 seconds and release. This has to be continued for four to five times once a day or before starting any type of vigorous exercise.
One can even apply ice to the pain area to relieve stress and strain from the muscles it numbs the pain and helps in recovering fast.
To avoid cough pain in elderly people allow them to do some exercises before doing any activity stop over doing any activity
Drink more water and stay hydrated drink at least two and half litres to three litres of water everyday
To get rid of pain one can even massage the area from one point to another several times with mild pressure using some coconut oil for 5 to 10 minutes this will help in relieving the tension around the area.
Calf muscle cramp
Calf muscle cramp is may occur in one hour to legs and in resting position calf muscle cramp is sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle leading to shortening of the muscle thereby causing writing of the muscle severe pain in the calf muscle lasting for seconds to 2 to 3 minutes 8 if it is very rare to be there for more than 15 minutes muscle soreness may be there for a day.
The calf muscle cramp causes more commonly during night while resting. It is due to the leg in flexed position, foot in plantar flexion, are placed which will again shorten the muscle causing contraction of the muscle where in the muscle is tired, not stretching properly.
The second reason for cramps are insufficient hydration of the body when the person drinks very less water intake the cramps occurring are more.
Calf muscle cramp is more common in athletes and pregnant ladies
some of the other causes of calf muscle pain are as follows 1 hyperthyroidism to to kidney failure 3 overuse of the muscle 4 alcoholism 5 Nehru disorders as in diabetes six later stages of pregnancy.
Calf muscle pain after running
Runners most commonly seen problem is calf muscle pain it occurs due to the improper positioning of the foot in the ground thing is to to assess the calf muscle pain where and how it is arising in the calf muscle by knowing which part of the calf muscle is having the pain we can analyse the problem
1. Pain start in the upper part of calf near to the knee
2. Pain will start in the lower part of calf near to the ankle
3. Pain may start in the sides of the calf muscles
4. Pain may be deep inside the shin bone
5. Sometimes pain can originate from some other area not involving the calf muscle at all.
What to do when you have sore muscle
Move a tennis ball circularly around the calf muscle using your hand apply as much pressure as you can tolerate do it for 5 to 10 minutes
You can also place the ball in the painful area. Sit in vajrasana. Try to put your body weight on the ball. Hold the position for 2 to 3 minutes. Then change the position of the ball. Continue the same by sitting on the ball thereby releasing tightness in the muscles.
Why legs are so tight
Legs are more flexible when you are more active and your lifestyle is more of walking and moving from one place to another the tightness in the muscles in usually when There is injury to the muscle, The muscle goes into spasm because of pain. The movement is restricted thereby it goes into tightness as the muscle becomes tight.
One more cause for Tightness is overuse of the muscles or stress on the muscles also goes for tightness the muscles reach fatigue.
Dehydration is a cause for muscle tightness, as 70% of the body contains fluid it is necessary to have sufficient water retention in the body. So one should have at least one and half litres to 3 litres of water every day.
At last stress also could be a reason for legs going for tiredness and the person is test they tend to keep in flex position and that will be e another cause for muscle tightness.
How do you strengthen your calf muscle
There are several exercises to strengthen your calf muscles. But these are the few important strengthening exercises which can be performed at home.
To strengthen your calf muscles
Single leg heel rise:
In standing position rise one leg. Later rise the heel of the other leg. Hold it for 5 accounts and then release. If necessary you can have a wall support or table support. continue same exercise for five times.
Most widely known exercise, which is done to improve cardiovascular system. This can be done using a rope in both hands jump across the rope for two to three minutes continuously. Gradually increase the time.
Seated heel rise:
Patient comfortably seated on chair. Place your feet on the ground. Gently rise your heels by placing the ball of the foot on the ground. You can do this for a period of one to two minutes to improve circulation and mobility.
- Heel rise in standing:
In standing position, place both legs shoulder width apart rise both heels together hold for five comes then lower it continue it for 10 times
Another best exercise to improve calf muscle is by stair climbing climbing stairs up to 20 Stairs will be a good exercise for calf muscle strengthening.
What does a blood clot feel like in your calf muscle
Blood clot is a serious condition usually dealt by the physician and vascular specialists it is diagnosed by ultrasound machine there could be clot in the blood vessels like veins it is called as deep vein thrombosis in this condition person feels heaviness in the leg swelling in the calf muscle and slight increase in temperature at nights in the skin colourit has to be treated by a medical doctor
Why does my calf muscle ache at night
Does your calf muscle ache at night pain in your calf muscle at night, is a sign of peripheral vascular disease. Peripheral arterial disease is a progressive disease. Most common places to have pain or in the muscle of the cuff the pain can range from mild to severe you can barely walk a very short distance.
In order to prevent muscle cramps and strain in your calf, It is important to warm up ( For example gently jogging in place) followed by stretching your calf muscle. Prior to exercising we should do cool down. After you exercise as well this means slowing down your activity for at least 10 minutes before stopping completely.
In addition is specially for muscle cramp prevention it’s important to stay hydrated and avoid over exercising. Especially in very hot weather or rooms. Drinking an electrolyte drink or taking an electrolyte tablet which contains potassium, magnesium and calcium and limiting alcohol and caffeine intake may also help avoid muscle cramps,
At last why non muscle related sources of calf pain like blood clots and claudication from peripheral artery disease or not as tight forward when it comes to prevention there are things you can do to minimise your chances by developing them.
Source from : https://www.healthline.com/health/calf-pain